Construction of Ka’aba
Ka’aba, the blessed and sacred house of Allah is undoubtedly the most glorious and holy place for Muslims on earth. Scholars believe that this divine house has been re-constructed up to 12 times in different ages. The very first time, the construction of Ka’aba was by Hazrat Adam (AS) and was the first house on earth dedicated to praise and worship the Allah Almighty, contributing to the spiritual progress of mankind.
The second time, Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was ordered to constitute Ka’aba along with his son Hazrat Ismail (AS). Allah says in the Holy Quran:
“And (remember) when We showed Ibrahim (Abraham) the site of the (Sacred) House (the Kaaba at Makkah) (saying): “Associate not anything (in worship) with me, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah]” [Quran 22: 26].
When Hazrat Ibrahim (AS), framed the Sacred House, he constructed it according to the given specifications. He also made a door structure but did not fix it. He constructed the upper walls of the sacred house by standing on a rock which remained there and was later called as “The Station of Ibrahim”. The blessed black stone was also positioned for the first time on the eastern corner of Ka’aba by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS).
During one of the reconstructions, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also participated and it was before receiving the first revelation and becoming a prophet but it was destroyed after a flood hit it and its walls cracked. Again, it was constructed during the prophethood of Allah’s apostle by the Prophet (PBUH) and his companions which were the four tribes of Quraish.
At that time, the tribes of Quraish were out of funds so the reconstruction did not include the entire foundation of the Ka’aba as was built by Prophet Ibrahim. For the first time the Ka’aba acquired the cubical shape unlike the rectangle shape which it had earlier. The portion of the Ka’aba left out is called Hateem now.
After the Prophet’s time, the Syrian army damaged the Ka’aba. Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr reframed the Ka’aba from the ground up and built it on the same foundation. He put the roof on three pillars and a small window close to the roof of the Ka’aba to allow for light. He also established two doors, one facing the east the other facing the west, as the Prophet wanted but could not do. He reconstructed the Ka’aba on the Prophet Ibrahim’s groundwork, which meant that the Hateem area was included.
During the time of Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the known tyrant of that era, destroyed what Ibn az-Zubayr had added to it, with the approval of Umayyad Khalifa Abdul Malik bin Marwan. Then he re-built the old structure of the Ka’aba as it was during the time of Quraish.
The structure remained in the same construction for 966 years, with minor repairs here and there. After so many years a very heavy rain along with flood and hailing swept away most of the Sacred Mosque and the walls came down. The Muslims had to rebuild the Ka’aba. This was the last time that Ka’aba was re-established which still maintains the same form.
A major re-erection of the Ka’aba took place in 1996. This was after a time of about 400 years since the last reconstruction. During this renewal the only original thing left from the Ka’aba are the stones. All other material has been replaced including the ceiling and the roof and its wood.
The Holy city of Makkah holds the honor to reside in it the House of Allah that bestows gain not just to the devout verve but also to the material realm. The prospects of social interaction, the promotion of trade and knowledge and most highly the spiritual involvement traces back to the most ancient times.